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two ways. The first is to do a long exposure. A long exposure like this would probably be between 15 seconds to several minutes long in order to capture each individual lightning strike. to put that into perspective the average cellphone/point-and-shoot camera usually exposes a picture typically between 1/10th of a second and 1/2000th(+) of a second. If you aren’t familiar with exposure its basically how long it takes for the camera to properly take the picture.
The second way, which requires a bit more post-production magic, is to stack the images. Typically a photographer would take several pictures, then “stack” or merge them all into one image. kind of like how if you hold a bunch of translucent pieces of paper on top of each other to form a single “image” of what is on all of them.
as far as equipment is concerned all you would really need to take an image like this is a high-quality tripod, a camera with manual functionality, and then most likely a photo-editing software like Adobe Photoshop/Lightroom, GIMP, etc.